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Which one of the following is known as Wood Spirit?

  By GK Planet Team      
Q. Which one of the following is known as Wood Spirit?
  1. Methanol
  2. Ethanol
  3. Formaldehyde
  4. Acetaldehyde
Answer: Methanol

Methanol: Wood Spirit


Methanol is the simplest alcohol: CH3OH. It has similarities to ethanol (the alcohol humans drink), but it is toxic. The toxicity takes hours though, so antidotes can prevent damage such as permanent blindness, death. It is used as a fuel additive, solvent, and in the chemical industry. Methanol is sometimes called "wood alcohol" or "wood spirit" because it was formerly made from wood. Methanol is the simplest alcohol and is a light, volatile, colorless, flammable liquid with a distinctive odor very similar to that of ethanol (drinking alcohol).

Other names of Methanol are:
  • Carbinol
  • Columbian spirits
  • Hydroxymethane
  • MeOH
  • Methyl alcohol
  • Methyl hydrate
  • Methyl hydroxide
  • Methylic alcohol
  • Methylol
  • Pyroligneous spirit
  • Wood alcohol
  • Wood naphtha
  • Wood spirit
Methanol may also be called, wood alcohol or wood spirit because it can be produced as a by-product of the wood distillation. Methanol is a light, colorless, flammable liquid at room temperature, and contains less carbon and more hydrogen than any other liquid fuel.
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