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Which of the following are the most favorable conditions for liquefying a gas?

  By GK Planet Team      
Q. Which of the following are the most favorable conditions for liquefying a gas?
  1. Low pressure and high temperature
  2. Low pressure and low temperature
  3. High pressure and high temperature
  4. High pressure and low temperature
Answer: High pressure and low temperature
High pressure and low temperature are the most favorable conditions for liquefying a gas.
Liquefaction of gases is a physical conversion of a gas into a liquid state (condensation).

Condensation is the process through which gas changes into a liquid when it touches a cooler surface. Condensation is an important part of the water cycle. It is the opposite of evaporation.

The liquefaction of gases is a complicated process that uses various compressions and expansions to achieve high pressures and very low temperatures, using, for example, turboexpanders.
The two necessary conditions for liquefaction of gases are:
  1. By increasing the pressure
  2. By reducing the temperature.
When high pressure is applied to a gas, it gets compressed and when we lower its temperature it gets cooled.
Ammonia gas can be liquefied by applying high pressure and lowering the temperature.
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