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Who is the father of genetic engineering? | Father of Genetic Engineering

  By GK Planet Team      
Q. Who is called “Father of Genetic Engineering”?
  1. Steward Linn
  2. Stanley Cohen
  3. Paul Berg
  4. Kary Mullis
Answer: Paul Berg
Father of Genetic Engineering is Paul Berg
Paul Berg (born June 30, 1926) is an American biochemist and professor emeritus at Stanford University. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1980, along with Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger. The award recognized their contributions to basic research involving nucleic acids.
Genetic Engineering

  • Genetic engineering is the science of manipulating the genetic material of an organism.
  • Genetic engineering is a very young, exciting, and controversial branch of the biological sciences.
  • On the one hand, it offers the possibility of cures for diseases and countless material improvements to daily life. Hopes for the benefits of genetic engineering are symbolized by the Human Genome Project, a vast international effort to categorize all the genes in the human species. On the other hand, genetic engineering frightens many with its potential for misuse, either in Nazi-style schemes for population control or through simple bungling that might produce a biological holocaust caused by a man-made virus.
  • An organism that is generated through genetic engineering is considered to be genetically modified (GM) and the resulting entity is a genetically modified organism (GMO). The first GMO was a bacterium generated by Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen in 1973. Rudolf Jaenisch created the first GM animal when he inserted foreign DNA into a mouse in 1974.
  • The first genetically engineered plant was tobacco, reported in 1983. It was developed by Michael W. Bevan, Richard B. Flavell and Mary-Dell Chilton by creating a chimeric gene that joined an antibiotic-resistant gene to the T1 plasmid from Agrobacterium. The tobacco was infected with Agrobacterium transformed with this plasmid resulting in the chimeric gene being inserted into the plant. Through tissue culture techniques a single tobacco cell was selected that contained the gene and a new plant is grown from it
Genetic Engineering Father: Paul Berg

List of Fathers of Various Fields:
Name of Field
Name of Father
Father of Ayurveda
Dhanwantari
Father of Anatomy
Andreas Vesalius
Father of Atom Bomb
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Father of Aviation
Sir George Cayley
Father of Biology
Aristotle
Father of Botany
Theophrastus
Father of Computer
Charles Babbage
Father of Computer Science
George Boole and Alan Turing
Father of Economics
Adam Smith
Father of Electricity
Benjamin Franklin
Father of Electronics
Michael Faraday
Father of Email
Ray Tomlinson
Father of English Poetry
Geoffrey Chaucer
Father of Evolution
Charles Darwin
Father of Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Father of Geometry
Euclid
Father of Humanism
Francesco Petrarca
Father of Immunology
Edward Jenner
Father of Internet
Vint Cerf
Father of Laptop
Bill Moggridge
Father of Microbiology
Antonie Philips Van Leeuwenhoek
Father of Microscopy
Antonie Philips Van Leeuwenhoek
Father of Mobile Phone
Martin Cooper
Father of Modern Astronomy
Nicolaus Copernicus
Father of Modern Medicine
Hippocrates
Father of Modern Olympic
Pierre De Coubertin
Father of Modern Physics
Galileo Galilei
Father of Nanotechnology
Richard Smalley
Father of New France
Samuel de Champlain
Father of Nuclear Chemistry
Otto Hahn
Father of Nuclear Physics
Ernest Rutherford
Father of Nuclear Science
Marie Curie and Pierre Curie
Father of Numbers
Pythagoras
Father of Periodic Table
Dmitri Mendeleev
Father of Philosophy
Rene Descartes
Father of Plastic Surgery
Sir Harold Gillies
Father of Political Science
Aristotle
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
Father of Sanstrik Grammar
Panini
Father of Scientific Management
Frederick Winslow Taylor
Father of Sociology
Auguste comte

Father of Surgery
Sushruta
Father of Telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
Father of Television
Philo Farnsworth
Father of the American Constitution
James Madison
Father of the Indian Constitution
Dr. B.R Ambedkar
Father of the Green Revolution
Norman Ernest Borlaug
Father of the Green Revolution in India
M. S. Swaminathan
Father of the Indian Constitution
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
Father of Western Medicine
Hippocrates
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