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All of the following are the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution except—

  By GK Planet Team      
Q. All the following are Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution except—
  1. right to equality
  2. right against exploitation
  3. right to adequate means of livelihood
  4. right to freedom of religion
Answer: right to adequate means of livelihood

Right to adequate means of livelihood is not a fundamental right but a directive principle for state policy

Fundamental Rights

The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India, which are linked to the protection and guarantee of the human right to adequate housing, include:

Article 21: The right to protection of life and personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law.

Article 14: The right of every citizen to be treated equally before the law or be given the protection of the laws within the territory of India.

Article 15 (1): The right of every citizen to be protected against any discrimination on grounds of sex, religion, race, caste or place of birth.

Article 19 (1) (d): The right of every citizen to move freely throughout the territory of India.

Article 19 (1) (e): The right of every citizen to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

Article 19 (1) (g): The right of every citizen to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.

The Constitution provides for Directive Principles, according to which the Indian State must formulate its policies. These include:

Article 39 (1): State policy to be directed to securing for both men and women equally the right to an adequate means of livelihood.

Article 42: Provisions to be made by the State for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

Article 47: Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.

Right to equality is one of the six fundamental rights in the Indian constitution. It includes equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, gender, and caste or birth place. It also includes equality of opportunity in matters of employment, abolition of untouchability and titles.

The Right against Exploitation is enshrined in Articles 23 and 24 of the Indian Constitution. These are important Fundamental Rights that guarantee every citizen protection from any kind of forced labour.

The Right to freedom of religion includes freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion, freedom to manage religious affairs, freedom from certain taxes and freedom from religious instructions in certain educational institutes.
The Directive Principles of State Policy of India (DPSP) are the guidelines or 15 principles given to the federal institutes governing the state of India, to be kept in citation while framing laws and policies. One of them is that the State shall direct its policy in such a manner as to secure the right of all men and women to an adequate means of livelihood. So right to adequate means of livelihood is not a fundamental right.
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