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The committee which recommended that the Panchayati Raj institution should be constitutionally recognized was:

  By GK Planet Team      
Q. The committee which recommended that the Panchayati Raj institution should be constitutionally recognized was:
  1. Ashok Mehta Committee
  2. K. Santhanam Committee
  3. L. M. Singhvi Committee
  4. G. V. K. Rao Committee
Answer: L. M. Singhvi Committee

Local self-government in India refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state. India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central (union), state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in addition each state has its own local government legislation.

A committee led by Laxmi Mall Singhvi was constituted in the 1980s to recommend ways to revitalize PRIs. The Gram Sabha was considered as the base of a municipality decentralised, and PRIs viewed as institutions of self-governance which would actually facilitate the participation of the people in the process of planning and development. It recommended:
  • local self-government should be constitutionally recognised, protected and preserved by the inclusion of new chapter in the Constitution,
  • non-involvement of political parties in Panchayat elections.

The suggestion of giving panchayats constitutional status was opposed by the Sarkaria Commission, but the idea, however, gained momentum in the late 1980s especially because of the endorsement by the late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who introduced the 64th Constitutional Amendment Bill in 1989. The 64th Amendment Bill was prepared and introduced in the lower house of Parliament. But it got defeated in the Rajya Sabha as non-convincing. He lost the general elections too. In 1989, the National Front introduced the 74th Constitutional Amendment Bill, which could not become an Act because of the dissolution of the Ninth Lok Sabha. All these various suggestions and recommendations and means of strengthening PRIs were considered while formulating the new Constitutional Amendment Act.
The LM Singhvi Committee is best known for recommending the constitutional status for Panchayats. This was virtually the first committee after decades of India's experiments with the decentralization which found the “Gram Sabhas” as the “incarnation of the direct democracy”.
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