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Podu , Beewar, Penda are local names in various parts of India to denote which kind of cultivation?

  By GK Planet Team      
Q. Podu , Beewar, Penda are local names in various parts of India to denote which kind of cultivation
  1. Intensity
  2. Extensive
  3. Shifting
  4. Plantation
Answer: Shifting

Podu is a traditional system of cultivation used by tribes in India, whereby different areas of jungle forest are cleared by burning each year to provide land for crops. The word comes from the Telugu language.

Podu is a form of shifting cultivation using slash-and-burn methods. Traditionally used on the hill-slopes of Andhra Pradesh, it is similar to the jhum method found in north-east India and the bewar system of Madhya Pradesh. Since the 1930s, there have been attempts to restrict its use in order to conserve forests and permit growth of commercial tree species such as teak. In the 1980s, it remained the principal method of tilling land for some tribal communities in districts such as East Godavari, West Godavari and, most prevalently, Srikakulam, although even by the 1950s its use by the Kolam and Naikpod tribes of Adilabad district had been entirely suppressed. One reason for the difference in treatment, whereby the system is tolerated in areas such as Srikakulam but its practitioners have been forcibly evicted in Adilabad, is that the people in some districts are relatively docile and have not risen up, with the encouragement of Naxalite insurgents, against outside interference as they have elsewhere.

List of local names of shifting cultivation around the world

Name of Shifting Cultivation
Region
Ray
Vietnam
Tavi
Madagascar
Masole
Congo (Zaire river Valley)
Fang
Equatorial African Countries
Logan
Western Africa
Comile
Mexico
Milpa
Yucatan and Guatemala
Echalin
Guadeloupe
Milya
Mexico and Central America
Konuko
Venezuela
Roka
Brazil
Chetemini
Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Caingin
Philippines
Taungya
Myanmar
Chena
Sri Lanka
Ladang
Java and Indonesia
Tamrai
Thailand
Humah
Java and Indonesia
India
Jhum
North-eastern India
Vevar and Dahiyaar
Bundelkhand Region (Madhya Pradesh)
Deepa
Bastar District (Madhya Pradesh)
Zara and Erka
Southern States
Batra
South-eastern Rajasthan
Podu
Andhra Pradesh
Kumari
Hilly Region of the Western Ghats of Kerala
Kaman, Vinga and Dhavi
Odisha
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