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Monday, 18 June 2018

Who among the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly?

  By GK Planet Team       Monday, 18 June 2018
Q. Who among the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly?
  1. Jay Prakash Narayan
  2. Acharya J.B. Kripalani
  3. K. M. Munshi
  4. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Answer: Jay Prakash Narayan

Constituent Assembly of India


An idea for a Constituent Assembly of India was proposed in 1934 by M. N. Roy, a pioneer of the Communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democracy. It became an official demand of the Indian National Congress in 1935, C. Rajagopalachari voiced the demand for a Constituent Assembly on 15 November 1939 based on adult franchise and was accepted by the British in August 1940. 

On 8 August 1940, a statement was made by Viceroy Lord Linlithgow about the expansion of the Governor-General's Executive Council and the establishment of a War Advisory Council. This offer, known as the August Offer, included giving full weight to minority opinions and allowing Indians to draft their own constitution. Under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946, elections were held for the first time for the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, and it was implemented under the Cabinet Mission Plan on 16 May 1946. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the provincial assemblies by a single, transferable-vote system of proportional representation. The total membership of the Constituent Assembly was 389: 292 were representatives of the states, 93 represented the princely states and four were from the chief commissioner provinces of Delhi, Ajmer-Merwara, Coorg (Near Madikeri) and British Baluchistan.

The Constituent Assembly appointed a total of 22 committees to deal with different tasks of constitution-making. Out of these, eight were major committees and the others were minor committees.

Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first chairman (temporary) of Constituent Assembly. Later Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the president and Its vice-president was Harendra Coomar Mookerjee, a Christian from Bengal and former vice-chancellor of Calcutta University. Also chairing the assembly's Minorities Committee, Mookerjee was appointed the governor of West Bengal after India became a republic. Jurist B. N. Rau was appointed constitutional adviser to the assembly; Rau prepared the original draft of the constitution and was later appointed a judge in the Permanent Court of International Justice in The Hague.

Major Committees

  1. Drafting Committee – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
  2. Union Powers Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
  3. Union Constitution Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
  4. Provincial Constitution Committee – Sardar Patel
  5. Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas – Sardar Patel. This committee had the following subcommittees:
    1. Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee – J.B. Kripalani
    2. Minorities Sub-Committee – Harendra Coomar Mookerjee,
    3. North-East Frontier Tribal Areas and Assam Excluded & Partially Excluded Areas Sub-Committee – Gopinath Bardoloi
    4. Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas (Other than those in Assam) Sub-Committee – A V Thakkar
  6. Rules of Procedure Committee – Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  7. States Committee (Committee for Negotiating with States) – Jawaharlal Nehru
  8. Steering Committee – Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Prominent members of Constituent Assembly

  • B. R. Ambedkar, Minister for Law; Chairman of Drafting Committee 
  • B. N. Rau, Constitutional Advisor 
  • Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India 
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister 
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Minister for Education 
  • Rajendra Prasad, President of Constituent Assembly 
  • C. Rajagopalachari, Governor-General of India 
  • Sarat Chandra Bose, Barrister and Indian independence activist 
  • Krishna Sinha, first Chief Minister, Bihar 
  • Binodanand Jha, Minister, Bihar 
  • Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra 
  • Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Deputy Chief Minister and Finance Minister, Bihar 
  • Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 
  • Asaf Ali 
  • Syama Prasad Mookerjee, Industries Minister, President, Hindu Mahasabha 
  • Moturi Satyanarayana, Freedom Fighter 
  • Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Health Minister 
  • Hansa Mehta, President, All India Women's Conference 
  • N. G. Ranga 
  • Deep Narayan Singh, Minister, Bihar 
  • Gopinath Bordoloi, Prime Minister of Assam 
  • Sir Syed Muhammad Saadulla, Assam 
  • P. Subbarayan 
  • Kailashnath Katju 
  • N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar 
  • T. T. Krishnamachari 
  • Rameshwar Prasad Sinha 
  • Durgabai Deshmukh 
  • K. M. Munshi 
  • Krishna Ballabh Sahay 
  • Frank Anthony, Anglo-Indian representative 
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 
  • John Mathai,first railway minister of India 
  • Pratap Singh Kairon 
  • L. Krishnaswamy Bharati - Madras Province 
  • Chidambaram Subramaniam 
  • Jaipal Singh Munda, Former Indian Hockey captain, and Tribal leader
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