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Tuesday, 6 March 2018

Who is called as the ‘Second Ashoka’?

  By GK Planet Team       Tuesday, 6 March 2018
Q. Who is called as the ‘Second Ashoka’?

A. Harshavardhana
B. Kanishka
C. Samudra Gupta
D. Chandra Gupta Maurya

Answer: Kanishka
In the history of Buddhism, King Kanishka has been given a place only next to Samrat Ashoka as a patron of that religion. Like Ashoka, Kanishka also became a convert to Buddhism.
Kanishka I (कनिष्क), or Kanishka the Great, was the emperor of the Kushan dynasty in the second century (c. 127–150 CE). He is famous for his military, political, and spiritual achievements. A descendant of Kushan empire founder Kujula Kadphises, Kanishka came to rule an empire in Bactria extending from Turfan in the Tarim Basin to Pataliputra on the Gangetic plain. The main capital of his empire was located at Puruṣapura in Gandhara, with another major capital at Kapisa.

His conquests and patronage of Buddhism played an important role in the development of the Silk Road, and the transmission of Mahayana Buddhism from Gandhara across the Karakoram range to China.

Earlier scholars believed that Kanishka ascended the throne in 78 CE and that this date was used as the beginning of the Saka calendar era. However, this date is now not regarded as the historical date of Kanishka's accession. Kanishka is estimated to have access to the throne in 127 CE by Falk (2001).
Kanishka worked for the preaching of Buddhism. He spread Buddhism to China, Japan, Central Asia and Tibet; and convened the 4th Buddhist Council at Kun- dalvana in Kashmir. Due to his works, he is often called 'Second Asoka'.
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