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Sunday, 11 February 2018

Mother Teresa won the Nobel Prize for peace in

  By GK Planet Team       Sunday, 11 February 2018
Q. Mother Teresa won the Nobel Prize for peace in 

Answer: Teresa received a number of honours, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She was canonised (recognised by the church as a saint) on 4 September 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 September) is her feast day.

Mother Teresa, known in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu; Albanian; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary. She was born in Skopje (now the capital of the Republic of Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. After living in Macedonia for eighteen years she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.

In 1950 Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation which had over 4,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries in 2012. The congregation manages homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children's- and family-counselling programmes; orphanages, and schools. Members, who take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, also profess a fourth vow: to give "wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor".

    About Mother Teresa

  • 26 Aug 1910: Agnes Gonxha Beiaxhiu born, in Skopje in Macedonia, the youngest of three children of an Albanian family.
  • 1928: Leaves home for Dublin, Ireland, to become a Loretto nun. She takes the name sister Teresa
  • 1929: Arrives in Calcutta, India and joins St Mary’s High school to teach.
  • 24 May 1937: Takes final vows as a nun in Darjeeling
  • 1947: Most important journey of her life to Darjeeling where she receives a call from Jesus to serve him among the poorest of poor and to live with them
  • 1948: Opens first slum school in Calcutta.
  • 1950: Missionaries of Charity established.
  • 1952: Opens Nirmal Hriday, or Pure heart, a home for dying
  • 1962: Receives the Padma Shri award for distinguished service — her first award for her humanitarian work
  • 1971: Pope John Paul VI awards Mother peace prize
  • 1979: Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1980: Awarded India’s highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna.
  • 1983: Has a heart attack while in Rome visiting Pope John Paul II
  • 1983: Queen Elizabeth II awarded Order of Merit in New Delhi
  • 1985: Gets Medal of Freedom, the highest US civilian award
  • 1986: Narrow escape in an air crash in Tanzania
  • 1989: Suffers second heart attack; doctors implant pacemaker
  • 1990: Wants to relinquish charge of Missionaries of Charity on account of poor health. But she is re-elected with only one dissenting vote — her own.
  • 1991: Suffers pneumonia in Mexico, and undergoes heart surgery in the United States.
  • 1993: Breaks three ribs in fall in Rome
  • 1993: Another surgery in Calcutta to clear a blocked heart vessel
  • 1996: Fractures her left collarbone and is hospitalized
  • 22 August 1996: Suffers heart failure, admitted to Calcutta’s Woodlands Nursing Home
  • 16 September 1996: Injures head in fall while getting out of bed; doctors detect a spot on the brain
  • 16 November 1996: Granted honorary American citizenship
  • 22 November 1996: Taken to Woodlands Nursing Home with an irregular heartbeat
  • 29 November 1996: Undergoes angioplasty surgery to remove two blockages in major coronary arteries
  • 13 March 1997: Sister Nirmala elected to succeed Mother Teresa as leader of Missionaries of Charity
  • 16 May 1997: Arrives in Italy for a two-month tour and is given oxygen at Rome airport because of weariness
  • 18 June 1997: Meets Princess Diana for the fourth time at Missionaries of Charity residence in New York
  • 5 September 1997: Mother dies following a heart attack at her religious order`s headquarters in Calcutta
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