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Tuesday, 27 February 2018

Which of the following is the largest Biosphere Reserves of India?

  By GK Planet Team       Tuesday, 27 February 2018
Q. Which of the following is the largest Biosphere Reserves of India?
A. Nandadevi
B. Nilgiri
C. Gulf of Mannar
D. Sundarbans

Answer: Gulf of Mannar


The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves in India, (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks or preserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life. Animals are protected and saved here.

The Gulf of Mannar

The Gulf of Mannar is a large shallow bay forming part of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean. It lies between the southeastern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka, in the Coromandel Coast region.

A species known as dugong (sea cow) is found here.

The chain of low islands and reefs known as Ramsethu also called Adam's Bridge, which includes Mannar Island, separates the Gulf of Mannar from Palk Bay, which lies to the north between India and Sri Lanka. The estuaries of Thamirabarani River of South India and the Malvathu Oya (Malvathu River) of Sri Lanka drain into the Gulf.


In 2009, India designated Cold Desert of Himachal Pradesh as a biosphere reserve. On September 20, 2010, the Ministry of Environment and Forests designated Seshachalam Hillsas the 17th biosphere reserve. Panna (Madhya Pradesh) was scheduled to become the 18th on August 25, 2011.

Biosphere reserves of India (area wise)

Year
Name
Location
State
Type
Key fauna
Area (km2)
1989
Gulf of Mannar
Indian part of Gulf of Mannar extending from Rameswaram island in the North to Kanyakumari in the South of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka
Tamil Nadu
Coasts
Dugong
10500
2008
Great Rann of Kutch
Part of KutchRajkotSurendranagar and Patan Districts. It is the largest Biosphere Reserve in India.
Gujarat
Desert
Indian wild ass
12454
2000
Khangchendzonga
Parts of Kangchenjunga
Sikkim
East Himalayas
Snow leopardred panda
2620
1989
Manas
Part of KokrajharBongaigaonBarpetaNalbariKamrup and Darrang Districts
Assam
East Himalayas
Golden langurred panda
2837
2011
Panna
Part of Panna District and Chhatarpur District
Madhya Pradesh
Catchment Area of the Ken River
Tigerchitalchinkarasambhar and sloth bear
2998.98
2001
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve
NeyyarPeppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuaryand their adjoining areas
KeralaTamil Nadu
Western Ghats
Nilgiri tahrelephants
3500.08
2005
Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve
Part of AnnupurDindori and Bilaspur districts
Madhya PradeshChhattisgarh
Maikala Hills
Four-horned antelopeIndian wild dogSarus craneWhite-rumped vulturePhilautus sanctisilvaticus (Sacred grove bush frog)
3835
1994
Simlipal
Part of Mayurbhanj district
Odisha
Deccan Peninsula
Gaurroyal Bengal tigerAsian elephant
4374
2010
Seshachalam Hills
Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts
Andhra Pradesh
Eastern Ghats
Slender Loris
4755
1999
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
Parts of Betul DistrictHoshangabad District and Chhindwara District
Madhya Pradesh
Semi-Arid
Giant squirrelflying squirrel
4981.72
1998
Dihang-Dibang
Part of Siang and Dibang Valley
Arunachal Pradesh
Eastern Himalaya
Mishmi TakinMusk Deer
5112
1986
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Part of WaynadNagarholeBandipur and MudumalaiNilamburSilent Valley
Tamil NaduKerala and Karnataka
Western Ghats
Nilgiri tahrlion-tailed macaque
5520
1988
Nanda Devi National Park & Biosphere Reserve
Parts of Chamoli DistrictPithoragarh District & Bageshwar District
Uttarakhand
WesternHimalayas
Snow LeopardHimalayan Black Bear
5860
1997
Dibru-Saikhowa
Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts
Assam
East Himalayas
Golden langur
765
2009
Cold Desert
Pin Valley National Park and surroundings;Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife Sancturary
Himachal Pradesh
Western Himalayas
Snow leopard
7770
1988
Nokrek
In west Garo Hills
Meghalaya
East Himalayas
Red panda
820. Parth tution
1989
Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve
Southern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Islands
Saltwater crocodile
885
1989
Sundarbans
Part of delta of Ganges and Brahmaputra river system
West Bengal
Gangetic Delta
Royal Bengal tiger
9630
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Thanks for reading Which of the following is the largest Biosphere Reserves of India?

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