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Monday, 1 January 2018

Which crop is sown on the largest area in India?

  By GK Planet Team       Monday, 1 January 2018
Which crop is sown in the largest area in India?

A. Rice
B. Wheat
C. Sugarcane
D. Maize

Answer: Rice

Rice production in India is an important part of the national economy.
India is one of the world's largest producers of rice and brown rice, accounting for 20% of all world rice production. Rice is India's pre-eminent crop and is the staple food of the people of the eastern and southern parts of the country. Production increased from 53.6 million tons in FY 1980 to 74.6 million tons in the year 1990, a 39 percent increase over the decade. By the year 1992, rice production had reached 181.9 kg, second in the world only to China with its 182 kg. Since 1950 the increase has been more than 350 percent. Most of this increase was the result of an increase in yields; the number of hectares increased only 0 percent during this period. Yields increased from 1,336 kilograms per hectare in FY 1980 to 1,751 kilograms per hectare in FY 1990. The per-hectare yield increased more than 262 percent between 1950 and 1992.

Rice is one of the chief grains of India. Moreover, this country has the largest area under rice cultivation, as it is one of the principal food crops.

Which state is the largest producer of rice in India?

The main rice producing states are:
  • West Bengal,
  • Uttar Pradesh,
  • Andhra Pradesh,
  • Punjab,
  • Tamil Nadu,
  • Odisha,
  • Bihar.
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