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Sunday, 7 January 2018

ABC analysis in materials management is a method of classifying the inventories based on the

  MOHAMMAD ZEESHAN       Sunday, 7 January 2018
Q. ABC analysis in materials management is a method of classifying the inventories based on the

A. Economic order quantities
B. Value of the annual usage of the items
C. Volume of material consumption
D. Quantity of material used

Answer: Economic order quantities

ABC analysis is an inventory categorization method which consists in dividing items into three categories (A, B, C): A being the most valuable items, C being the least valuable ones.

In materials management, the ABC analysis (or Selective Inventory Control) is an inventory categorization technique. ABC analysis divides an inventory into three categories- "A items" with very tight control and accurate records, "B items" with less tightly controlled and good records, and "C items" with the simplest controls possible and minimal records.

The ABC analysis provides a mechanism for identifying items that will have a significant impact on overall inventory cost, while also providing a mechanism for identifying different categories of stock that will require different management and controls.

The ABC analysis suggests that inventories of an organization are not of equal value. Thus, the inventory is grouped into three categories (A, B, and C) in order of their estimated importance.

'A' items are very important for an organization. Because of the high value of these 'A' items, frequent value analysis is required. In addition to that, an organization needs to choose an appropriate order pattern (e.g. ‘Just- in- time’) to avoid excess capacity. 'B' items are important, but of course less important than 'A' items and more important than 'C' items. Therefore, 'B' items are intergroup items. 'C' items are marginally important.
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