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Saturday, 16 December 2017

The oldest collection of fables in India is called

  By GK Planet Team       Saturday, 16 December 2017
Q. The oldest collection of fables in India is called

A. Aesop’s Fables
B. Pancastikayasara
C. Panchatantra
D. Yavanes’vara
E. None of these
Answer: Panchatantra

A fable is a type of story which shows something in life or has a meaning to a word. A fable is a funny story but may teach a lesson or suggest a moral from it. A fable starts in the middle of the story, that means, jumps into the main event without detailed introduction of characters. The characters of a fable may be people, animals, legendary creatures, gods, or anything else. When animals and objects are used in fables, they think and talk like people, even though they act like animals or objects. For example, in a fable, a clay pot might say that it is frightened of being broken.

Aesop's Fables. This is a collection of tales from the Greek storyteller, Aesop. Aesop was a slave in ancient Greece. He was a keen observer of both animals and people. Most of the characters in his stories are animals, some of which take on human characteristic and are personified in ways of speech and emotions.

PaƱcastikayasara, is an ancient Jain text authored by Acharya Kundakunda. Kundakunda explains the Jain concepts of dravya and Ethics. The work serves as a brief version of the Jaina philosophy. There are total 180 verses written in Prakrit language.

Panchatantra stories are the oldest surviving fables from Ancient India. These colorful stories from the Panchatantra have spread all over the world for centuries, especially as bedtime stories for kids.The surviving work is dated to about 300 BCE, but the fables are likely much more ancient. The text's author is unknown, but has been attributed to Vishnu Sharma in some recension and Vasubhaga in others, both of which may be fictitious pen names. It is likely a Hindu text, and based on older oral traditions with "animal fables that are as old as we are able to imagine".
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