Who presides over the Joint Session of Indian Parliament?

Joint Session of Indian Parliament

The Parliament of India is bicameral. Concurrence of both houses are required to pass any bill. However, the authors of the Constitution of India visualised situations of deadlock between the upper house i.e. Rajya Sabha and the lower house i.e. Lok Sabha. Therefore, the Constitution of India provides for Joint sittings of both the Houses to break this deadlock.
The joint sitting of the Parliament is called by the President and is presided over by the Speaker or, in his absence, by the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha or in his absence, the Deputy-Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. If any of the above officers are not present then any other member of the Parliament can preside by consensus of both the House.

As per Article 108 of Constitution, a Joint session of Parliament can be summoned in the following situations.

If after a Bill has been passed by one House and transmitted to the other House—

(a) the Bill is rejected by the other House; or (b) the Houses have finally disagreed as to the amendments to be made in the Bill; or (c) more than six months elapse from the date of the reception of the Bill by the other House without the Bill being passed by it, the President may, unless the Bill has elapsed by reason of a dissolution of the House of the People, notify to the Houses by message if they are sitting or by public notification if they are not sitting, his intention to summon them to meet in a joint sitting for the purpose of deliberating and voting on the Bill

However, in calculating period of six months, those days are not considered when house is prorogued or adjourned for more than 4 consecutive days.

If the above conditions are satisfied, the President of India may summon joint sitting of both the houses of parliament.

Who presides over the Joint Session of Indian Parliament?

A. Chair Person of Rajya Sabha
B. Senior most member of Parliament
C. Speaker of Lok Sabha
D. President of India
Answer. (C) Speaker of Lok Sabha